What is mumps? Do children with mumps adversely affect their health? What age do mumps usually occur? These are the questions that the following article will answer for you. There is also a discussion about the causes, how to identify and prevent and treat mumps in children appropriately.
Mumps is caused by a viral illness and the age at which children are most likely to be 5 to 10 years old. This disease is quite dangerous because it is easy to cause complications and especially for the reproductive organs of the patient. So what specific knowledge and information about mumps should be provided in children?
What is mumps?
Mumps is caused by the Paramyxovirus virus or by the virus. This is an acute infectious disease, spread directly through the respiratory tract or cause epidemics in children. The disease usually occurs in the Winter-Spring season from about November to February and usually occurs in children at the age of starting school, being exposed to kindergartens, kindergarten and primary schools.
What is the image and expression of children with mumps?
Mumps can spread rapidly through the respiratory tract and through the saliva of an infected person when coughing or sneezing. Children often get the disease, with children who have not been vaccinated against mumps, the higher the risk. In adults, the possibility of infection still exists, but the rate is not high.
Symptoms of mumps
The disease usually incubates after 14-25 days to show signs of discomfort, less appetite, fever, sore throat and soreness in the corner of the jaw. Activities become difficult to talk, difficult to swallow, parotid glands swell gradually for 3 consecutive days and then collapse for 1 week, may swell on one side or both sides.
In children, parents should note that the first symptoms are a high fever of 38-38.5 degrees, headache, vomiting and swelling of salivary glands. In particular, the most recognizable signs are parotid gland swelling, earlobes bulging out, bulging cheeks, inflated skin but no redness or pain. The headaches will get worse, the mouth will be dry and hard to swallow anorexia, poor sleep as well as always tired.
Photos showing symptoms of mumps in children
Complications of mumps
Mumps is a disease that is not difficult to treat or life-threatening, but if left untreated, it will cause serious consequences such as: Pregnant women: easily causing miscarriage, premature birth or fetal deformity. In children, some complications such as testicular inflammation, meningitis, ovarian inflammation, pancreatitis, and other dangerous complications can occur if not treated in time. Testicular inflammation in children can lead to testicular atrophy and a few of which are likely to lead to infertility.
What is abstinence in children?
- Isolate children: this is a contagious disease so do not expose children to sick people and people at risk. Absolutely do not go to places where many people are concentrated such as hospitals, schools where mumps is affected.
- Windscreen and cold water: wind and cold water will make the mumps area swollen and painful so these are the two most important factors to look for when caring for a child with mumps.
- Keep clean: shower to clean the body, eliminate bacteria and germs. Note that bathing in warm water and bathing is faster than normal and should not be submerged.
- Abstinence and sticky foods: sour and sticky foods will stimulate the salivary glands to make children more painful. However, you can give your child orange juice rich in vitamin C to increase the resistance for the child to get better quickly.
- Abstain from vigorous exercise: Children should lie down to avoid strenuous activities that affect the testes.
- Do not arbitrarily use the drug: usually mumps will go away on its own after 5-7 days. However, if you have a high fever, see your doctor for appropriate medication instructions.
Children should be examined as soon as they have different symptoms and are aware of mumps
Treatment and prevention for children
There is currently no cure for this disease, so parents should take care of the baby properly so that they can recover quickly. Take care of your baby with a nutritious diet, so give your baby soft, easy to swallow, easy to chew food. All types of fish should be processed into porridge, soup to be easy to eat while ensuring adequate nutrition for the body.
Eat a variety of fresh vegetables and fruits, help supplement the vitamins and minerals necessary for the body to help boost immunity. Dental hygiene, drinking plenty of fluids and gargling with physiological saline or mouthwash to combat dry mouth and prevent bacteria from having a favorable environment to grow.
The vaccine against mumps is effective in children
Parents can prevent mumps by giving mumps shots to children when they are over 12 months old for the best protection.
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